53RD MARYLAND INFANTRY (MILITIA)

One cannot truly understand the history of the 1st Maryland Infantry Regiment without knowing the origin of which it was created. The 53rd Maryland Infantry Regiment Militia which became known as “The Maryland Guard” was the pre-war unit that was one of the best trained and drilled organizations in the country at that time. Many of the members of the 1st Maryland Infantry Regiment previously served in the 53rd. Its motto “Decus et Prsesidium”, Latin for “A Honor and A Guard”. The unit disbanded shortly after the Baltimore Riots after 1861 and Lincolns Martial Law upon the state.  Most of the men of the 53rd were “pro South” which found many heading south to enlist in the Confederate Army.  Some of those men formed the core of the 1st Maryland Infantry Regiment. Capt. Herbert, Captain. Murray, Lt. McKim, Lt. Booth, Lt. Howard to name a few, all were former members of the 53rd Maryland.

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Image by Don Troiani


ABOVE: MARYLAND GUARD GALLOP SHEET MUSIC


53RD MARYLAND INFANTRY REGIMENT (MILITIA)

490 MEN TOTAL 

ARMORY: CARROLL HALL

COL. BENJAMIN HUGER (COMMANDER)

  • COMPANY A (INDEPENDENT GREYS) CAPT. LYLE CLARKE
  • COMPANY B (MARYLAND GUARD) CAPT. HENRY D. LONEY
  • COMPANY C (MARYLAND GUARD) CAPT. HARRY D.G. CARROLL JR.
  • COMPANY D (MARYLAND GUARD) CAPT. WILLIAM H. MURRAY
  • COMPANY E (MARYLAND GUARD) CAPT. RICHARD CONWAY
  • COMPANY F (MARYLAND GUARD) CAPT. WILLIAM WOODVILLE JR.
  • COMPANY G (MARYLAND GUARD) CAPT. WILLIAM C. PENNINGTON
  • COMPANY H (INDEPENDENT GREYS) CAPT. BENJAMIN SIMPSON
  • COMPANY I (INDEPENDENT GREYS) CAPT. THOMAS B. ALLARD
  • MARYLAND GUARD BAND AND DRUM CORPS-DRUM MAJ. CHARLES M. CHAD


NOTE: WHEN THE MARYLAND MILITIA WAS CALLED TO ARMS THE DAY AFTER THE APRIL 19, 1861 “BALTIMORE RIOTS”, THE OVERALL COMMAND OF MARYLAND MILITIA WAS UNDER MAJOR GENERAL GEORGE H. STEUART SR (FATHER OF GEORGE H. “MARYLAND” STEUART-SOON TO BE COLONEL OF THE 1ST MARYLAND INFANTRY REGIMENT CSA AND LATER BRIGADIER GENERAL IN THE CONFEDERATE ARMY.


53RD MARYLAND INFANTRY REGIMENT UNIFORM REGULATIONS (1860)

CLASS A

  • FULL CHASSEUR UNIFORM
  • WITHOUT OVERCOAT
  • WHITE BELTS
  • KNAPSACK


CLASS B

  • FATIGUE JACKETS
  • CHASSEUR PANTS
  • OVERCOAT WITHOUT CAPE
  • KNAPSACK
  • WHITE BELTS


CLASS C

  • FATIGUE JACKET
  • CHASSEUR PANTS
  • OVERCOAT WITH CAPE


CLASS D

  • FATIGUE JACKET
  • DARK PANTS
  • BLACK BELTS


INFORMATION SOURCE REFERENCE: “A BAND OF BROTHERS” BY DANIEL D. HARTZLER

PHOTO OF ORIGINAL 53RD GUIDE-ON FLAG COURTESY OF THE 5TH REGIMENT ARMORY MUSEUM IN BALTIMORE, MARYLAND

ND@ “Co.D” 1st MD Inf Regt 2017